Glossary of Pallet Terms (H&S Forest Products)

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Original source: http://www.hsforest.com/glossary/

English term Definition
Annular Nail Pallet nail with annular (circular ring) threads rolled onto the shank
Banding Notch See Strap Slot
Bin Four-sided superstructure to be mounted on a pallet base
Block Rectangular
Block Pallet A type of pallet with blocks between the pallet decks or beneath the top deck
Bottom Deck Assembly of deckboards comprising the lower
Butted Deckboard An inner deckboard placed tightly against an adjacent lead deckboard during pallet assembly
CAD Computer-aided-design software that allows the design of the “right” pallet at the best value; see Pallet Design System© (PDS©)
Captive Pallet A pallet intended for use within the confines of a single facility
Chamfered Deckboards Deckboards with edges of one or two faces beveled
Closed Distribution System Shipping system restricted to moving goods between specified plants and facilities
Collar Collapsible wooden container or bin which transforms a pallet into a box
Cost-Pass-Through A cost-share system where the partial cost of a pallet is passed-through from the purchaser to the receiver of the pallet
Cost-Per-Trip The average cost of pallet use for a single one-way trip
Deck One or more boards or panels comprising the top or bottom surface of the pallet
Deck Mat Assembly of deckboards and stringerboards
Deckboard Element or component of a pallet deck
Deckboard Spacing Distance between adjacent deckboards
Deckboard Span Distance between deckboard supports (stringers
Deflection The amount of deformation or bending in a pallet or pallet component under load
Dimensions See Pallet Dimensions
Double-Face Pallet A pallet with top and bottom decks
Double-Wing Pallet A pallet with top and bottom deckboards extending beyond the edges of the stringers or stringerboards
Drive Screw Nail Helically (continuous spiral) threaded pallet nail
Economic Life Output from PDS© program which identifies the number of trips the pallet will make
Exchange Pallet A pallet intended for use among a designated group of shippers and receivers where ownership of the pallet is transferred with the ownership of the unit load; common pool pallet
Expendable Pallet A pallet intended for a series of handlings during a single trip from shipper to receiver; it is then disposed; see Shipping Pallet
Fastener A mechanical device for joining pallet components such as nails
Fastener Shear Index Relative measure of shear resistance of the pallet fastener
Flush Pallet A pallet with deckboards flush with the stringers
Fork Entry Opening between decks
Four-Way Block Pallet A pallet with openings at both pallet ends and along pallet sides sufficient to admit hand-pallet jacks; full four-way entry pallet
Free Span The distance between supports in a warehouse rack
Hand (Wheel) Jack Opening Space provided in the bottom deck to allow pallet jack wheels to bear on the floor
Handling A single pick-up
Hardened-Steel Nail Heat-treated and tempered steel pallet nail with a MIBANT angle between 8 and 28 degrees
Hardwood Wood from broad-leaved species of trees (not necessarily hard or dense)
Helical Nail Helically (continuous spiral) threaded pallet nail
Inner Deckboard Any deckboard located between the end deckboards
Joint Intersection and connection of components
Length Refers to the stringer or stringerboard (in block pallets) length; also refers to the first dimension given to describe a pallet i.e.
Life To First Repair Output from PDS© program which is equivalent to the number of trips the pallet will last before needing repair
Line Load The weight of a unit load concentrated along a narrow area across the full length or width of the pallet
Load Bearing Surface The actual area of material in contact with and supporting a unit load
MIBANT Angle The bend angle in a fastener shank when subjected to a MIBANT test
MIBANT Test (Morgan Impact Bend Angle Nail Tester)
Nail Fastener made from endless wire by cutting a point and forming a head at the shank end opposite the point
Non-Reversible Pallet A pallet with bottom deckboard configuration different from the top deck
Notch A cutout in the lower portion of the stringer to allow entry for the fork tine
Notched Stringer A stringer with two notches spaced for fork-tine entry
NWPCA National Wooden Pallet and Container Association; a national association with the goal of promoting the design
Opening Height The vertical distance measured between decks
Overall Height The vertical distance measured from the floor to the top side of the top deck
Overhang Also known as the wing or lip; the distance the deck extends from the outer edge of the stringer or stringerboard; the distance the unit load extends beyond the deck
Pallet A portable
Pallet Design System© (PDS©) Reliability-based computer-aided-design (CAD) program that determines the safe load carrying capacity
Pallet Dimensions When specifying pallet size
Pallet Jack Hand-propelled wheeled platform
Pallet Life The period during which the pallet remains useful
Panel Deck Pallet Pallet constructed with composite or structural panel top deck
Partial Four-Way Stringer Pallet A pallet with notched stringers
Post Pallet A pallet fitted with posts or blocks between the decks or beneath the top deck; see block pallet
Quality Consistent performance of a uniform product meeting the customer’s needs for economy and function
Racked Across Deckboards Output from PDS© program describing the maximum load carrying capacity and deflection of a pallet where the rack frame supports the pallet only at the ends of the deckboards
Racked Across Stringers Output from the PDS© program describing the maximum load carrying capacity and deflection of a pallet where the rack frame supports the pallet only at the ends of the stringers or stringerboards
Recycling A pallet
Rental Pallet A pallet owned by a third party
Repair To remake in order to use again
Returnable/Reusable Pallet A pallet designed to be used for more than one trip
Reversible Pallet A pallet with identical top and bottom decks
Shipping Pallet Pallet designed to be used for a single one-way trip from shipper to receiver; it is then disposed; see Expendable Pallet
Shook Cut-to-size pallet parts to be assembled into pallets
Shook Grade The classification of the quality of pallet parts relative to performance characteristics based on size and distribution of defects
Single-Wing Pallet A pallet with the top deckboards extending beyond the edges of the stringers or stringerboards with the bottom deckboards flush (if present)
Skid A pallet having no bottom deck
Slave Pallet Pallet
Soft Nail Pallet nail with a MIBANT angle equal to or greater than 47 degrees
Softwood Wood from coniferous or needle-bearing trees (not necessarily soft or low density)
Solid Deck Pallet A pallet constructed with no spacing between deckboards
Span The distance between stringer or block supports
Stevedore Pallet A pallet designed for use on seaport shipping docks
Stiff-Stock Steel Nail A pallet nail made of medium-high carbon steel without heat treatment and tempering with a MIBANT angle between 29 and 46 degrees
Strap Slot A recess or cutout on the upper edge of the stringer or the bottom of the top deckboard to allow tie-down of a unit load to the pallet deck with strapping/banding
Strapping Thin flat bands used to secure the load to a pallet
Stringer Continuous
Stringerboard In block pallets
Take-It-Or-Leave-It Pallet A pallet fitted with fixed cleats on the top deckboards to permit fork truck tines to pass beneath the unit load and remove it from the pallet
Top Cap Panel to be placed on top of a unit load to allow for tight strapping without damaging the unit load
Top Deck of the Pallet The assembly of deckboards comprising the upper load-carrying surface of the pallet
Trip Consists of four to six handlings of a pallet
Two-Way Entry Pallet A pallet with un-notched solid stringers allowing entry only from the ends
Unit Load Assembly of goods on a pallet for handling
Warehouse Pallet A double-face multiple trip returnable pallet intended for general warehouse use
Wing An overhang of deckboard end from the outside edge of a stringer or stringerboard